The Queens Almanac informs and updates our readers on the essentials of our Borough. With interesting facts and information, the following is a compilation from the Queens Chamber of Commerce and other sources on the basic facts of Queens.
Physically located on Long Island, Queens’ land area is 112.1 square miles (71,780 acres), 34.8 percent of the City’s area and is the largest borough of New York City.
John F. Kennedy International Airport (4,930 acres) and LaGuardia Airport (680 acres) provide more than 420,000 direct and indirect jobs and contribute $52.9 billion in economic activity, making aviation one of the Borough’s top industries. In the last year-to-date summary from the Port Authority, there were a total of 50,423,765 passengers at JFK and 26,722,183 at LaGuardia in 2012.
Throgs Neck and Bronx-Whitestone bridges connect with the Bronx; Hell Gate Bridge carries New York Connecting Railroad to the Bronx via Wards and Randall’s Islands; Robert F. Kennedy Bridge (formerly Triborough) connects with Bronx and Manhattan; Roosevelt Island Bridge connects Long Island City and Roosevelt Island; Ed Koch Queensboro Bridge to 59th Street, Manhattan; Greenpoint Avenue, Kosciusko, Meeker Avenue and Pulaski bridges connect Long Island City and Brooklyn; Grand Street Bridge from Maspeth to Brooklyn; Marine Parkway-Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge links the Rockaways with Brooklyn; Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge connects the Rockaways with Broad Channel; Joseph P. Addabbo Memorial Bridge connects Howard Beach to Broad Channel; Hook Creek Bridge to Nassau County; Francis R. Buono Memorial Bridge connects East Elmhurst to Rikers Island.
There are 335 public schools and 190 private schools in the Borough, which educate more than 400,000 children. Also, there are more than a dozen colleges and universities with campuses in Queens, with a total enrollment of more than 65,000 students.
Con Edison provides electricity to 2.3 million residents with 6,995 miles of overhead wire and 24,795 miles of underground cable in 108 square miles of service areas in all of Queens except for the Rockaways, where 23,718 meters are served by Long Island Power Authority.
Con Edison provides gas through 808 miles of mains to about 200,000 meters in sections of Queens serving 200,110 residents. In other areas, including the Rockaways, National Grid furnishes gas to 362,653 meters through 1,442 miles of mains.
34.6 miles of parkways include the Grand Central, Jackie Robinson (formerly Interboro) and Belt Parkways (comprised of Cross Island, Laurelton, Shore and Southern Parkways). 41.1 miles of interstate highways include the Brooklyn-Queens, Clearview, Long Island, Nassau, Van Wyck and Whitestone Expressways.
Queens is the city’s “home-owner borough” with 42.8 percent owning their own house, according to figures from the 2010 Census. As of 2011, the Borough is home to 845,969 housing units.
Queens is home to more than 20 medical facilities and two psychiatric hospitals.
The Queens Borough Public Library, with its central branch in Jamaica and 62 branches borough-wide, hosted 11.2 million visitors in fiscal year 2013. The library system put on more than 46,600 programs, answered 4.4 million reference questions, had nearly 929,000 active borrowers and circulated 15.8 million items in the last fiscal year.
New York City parks total more than 29,000 acres, with more than 800 athletic fields and 991 playgrounds. Flushing Meadows Corona Park in Queens ranks as the third largest City park with 898 acres.
More than 700 miles of Long Island Rail Road tracks with 124 stations in Queens, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Nassau and Suffolk, and 26 stations in Queens. New York Connecting Railroad freight and passenger branches link Queens and Long Island to the North American mainland, via Hell Gate Bridge. Sunnyside Yards provides storage for Amtrak and New Jersey Transit.
With more than 860 places of worship listed at QueensChurches.org, Queens is home to 104 Baptist churches, 102 Catholic churches and 55 Lutheran churches, according to its listings. It is also home to about 95 synagogues, 36 Hindu temples, 21 mosques and 13 Buddhist temples.
More than 20 major art, science, cultural and historical museums are located in Queens, including the Queens Museum, the New York Hall of Science, the Queens Zoo and the Queens Botanical Garden.
In New York City, there are 2,058 route miles of train track, 2,967 route miles of bus lines and 734 rail and subway stations. According to the MTA, the average daily ridership for the subways and buses is 8,658,764.
Queens-Midtown Tunnel connects to 38th Street, Manhattan. Also linking Queens to Manhattan are four Long Island Rail Road tunnels to 34th Street (Penn Station) and subway tunnels to 42nd Street, 53rd Street, 60th Street and 63rd Street.
New York City’s water supply comes from reservoirs in the Catskill Mountains. A number of city-owned wells supplement the supply in Southeast Queens.
Queens has 196 miles of waterfront on Little Neck Bay, the East River, Flushing Bay, Newtown Creek, Jamaica Bay, Head of Bay Basin, Hook Creek and the Atlantic Ocean. There are nearly 10 miles of beaches in the Rockaways.