BY ELIZABETH CROWLEY
Susan B. Anthony said in 1897, “There will never be complete equality until women themselves help make laws and elect lawmakers.”
Thanks in part to Anthony’s life-work and that of her fellow suffragettes, American women now have the power both to vote and serve as lawmakers. Yet more than 120 years later, Anthony’s dream of complete equality has not been realized because of the profound disparity in representation between men and women in elected office.
Over my nine years as a member of the New York City Council, I saw the number of women in the Council decline from a high of 18 in 2009 to its current number: 11.
Why should New Yorkers care about the underrepresentation of women in the city’s legislature? My experience in the Council serving on the governing team that oversees the spending of your tax dollars is the biggest reason.
The city’s budget is over $85 billion and the Council has oversight over nearly 130 different government offices and agencies—and more than 200,000 employees. How this money is spent and these critical resources are managed reflects the makeup of the city’s elected officials.
When more than 78 percent of the Council’s members are men, the male point of view dominates the discourse, even though a majority of New Yorkers—52 percent—are women.
Fortunately, there is a new awareness across the nation that women will not be equal until they have equal say in the most important decisions that affect their lives. One reason for this awakening is the election of a president who revels in his misogyny and has filled his Cabinet with the highest percentage of men of any president since George W. Bush in his first term.
To do my part locally in the fight for complete equality, I co-founded the 21 in ’21 Initiative, a nonpartisan effort that aims to achieve gender parity in the City Council. While this goal is ambitious, it is attainable mainly because of two factors: term limits and the city’s public matching-fund system.
In 2021—the year of the next Council elections—36 of the Council’s 51 seats will be vacant due to term limits. Without an incumbent officeholder, these seats are much more winnable, particularly for a candidate who has spent years preparing to run. That’s why nearly four years out from Election Day, we’re already building the infrastructure and recruiting the candidates we’ll need to accomplish our mission of electing at least 21 women to the Council in 2021.
The best part of New York City’s electoral system is that you don’t have to be rich or have wealthy friends to become a successful candidate. That’s because the city’s Campaign Finance Board matches every dollar donated to your campaign up to $175 at a 6:1 ratio, turning, for instance, a $10 donation into $70.
The main reason that more women aren’t elected officials is that far fewer women become candidates. Studies show that when women run, they win at a comparable rate to men. While there are several factors that deter women from running, a major one is that women aren’t generally brought up in a way that inclines them to self-select as candidates the way men do.
I grew up in a woman-led household, in which my mother made the decisions for our family. She was a leader in her community and an elected member of the local school board. She instilled in her daughters the belief that serving in public office was the noblest of professions. I was lucky to have a mentor like my mother.
It is this model of strong mentorship that is at the core of the 21 in ’21 Initiative. We have already built a top-notch network of mentors to strengthen and support female candidates. 21 in ’21 is here for the women ready to become the future leaders of our city, but all New Yorkers must contribute for Susan B. Anthony’s dream to become a reality. From the voting booth to our block associations, and our political clubs to our community boards, we must all demand equal representation now.
Elizabeth Crowley is a former City Council member and co-founder and chairwoman of the 21 in ’21 initiative.