By NATHAN DUKE
A new study by Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health found that the ill effects of noise from changing flight patterns over populated urban neighborhoods far outweigh the benefits of reduced flight times.
The study’s researchers used flights from LaGuardia Airport that have historically flown over Flushing Meadows Corona Park and the USTA tennis center—also known as the “Tennis Climb”—as a case study to explore the tradeoffs between more-efficient flight routes and the suffering of residents living underneath the flight pattern. The study’s findings are published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.
“Airports in the United States have gradually been transitioning to automated flight systems,” said Peter Muennig, M.D., who is a professor of health policy and management at the Mailman School. “These systems generate new flight paths over populated areas. While they can improve flight efficiency, the increased noise associated with these novel flight patterns potentially pose serious health threats to nearby communities—including cardiovascular disease and anxiety disorder as consequences of noise.”
LaGuardia implemented the Tennis Climb in 2012 as a result of flight automation at the city’s airports. No environmental assessment or impact statement was ever performed on the route.
Muennig said that flights from LaGuardia have historically flown over Flushing Meadows Corona Park, and that residents of Queens neighborhoods had to endure heavy airplane traffic over their homes while the U.S. Open was being held at the park each year.
“But it only lasted a few weeks,” Muennig said. “Now, they have to contend with it year round.”
The Columbia University study found that the Tennis Climb increased airplane noise to above 60 decibels over some of the most densely populated areas of New York City. Muennig said that the study’s results emphasized the need for a careful study of public health impacts before flight patterns are changed.
Community leaders from Northeast Queens—which has long been plagued by low-flying airplanes—said that they were grateful for the study, but not surprised by its findings.
“We welcome the study, but all it does for the people living under the flight pattern is confirm what they already know,” said Bay Terrace’s Warren Schreiber, who is the co-chairman of the New York Community Aviation Roundtable. “We have been living with this. People can feel their homes vibrating.”
Janet McEneaney, of Queens Quiet Skies, agrees with the Columbia report’s finding that the “public health costs far outweigh the economic advantages.”
“These routes were only designed for the profit of airlines,” she said. “They let planes fly close together and fast to get bodies in and out of LaGuardia and JFK. These planes go by every 60 seconds. Even the FAA has said that planes flying over 60 decibels is harmful for human beings.”
But while Schreiber said that he has been encouraged by recent initiatives from Northeast Queens leaders—such as discussions on how to decrease helicopter noise and a bill by U.S. Rep. Grace Meng (D-Flushing) that would direct the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to complete an evaluation of its methods to measure aircraft noise—the community has, thus far, seen no change.
“The FAA has acknowledged that there’s a problem, which is a positive step,” Schreiber said. “They previously did not want to talk about it. But I don’t know if they know how to solve it.”
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